They were fearless; men of honor who have been known throughout history by different names: Spartan, Viking, Samurai. Today, men like these still strike from the shadows. They are highly prized intelligence agents, military operatives, and assassins. One man is all three. Two days ago, that man was crossed—badly. Now, far from home and surrounded by his enemy, Scot Harvath must battle his way out.
With no support, no cavalry coming, and no one even aware of where he is, it will take everything he has ever learned to survive. Harvath wants revenge. In the most explosive novel Brad Thor has ever written, page after captivating page of action, intrigue, loyalty, and betrayal will keep you hooked until the very last sentence. The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.
Where are these pens? Why are we born? Why do we die? For all the answers, stick your thumb to the stars! Characters frolic through the galaxy with infectious joy. The Stand.
Se venger (PHILO ADO)
Stephen King. Those who remain are scared, bewildered, and in need of a leader. As the dark man and the peaceful woman gather power, the survivors will have to choose between them—and ultimately decide the fate of all humanity. The Name of the Wind. I have stolen princesses back from sleeping barrow kings. I burned down the town of Trebon. I have spent the night with Felurian and left with both my sanity and my life. I was expelled from the University at a younger age than most people are allowed in.
I tread paths by moonlight that others fear to speak of during day. I have talked to Gods, loved women, and written songs that make the minstrels weep. You may have heard of me. So begins a tale unequaled in fantasy literature—the story of a hero told in his own voice. There is a beauty to Pat's writing that defies description. Neil Gaiman.
The classic collaboration from the internationally bestselling authors Neil Gaiman and Terry Pratchett, soon to be an original series starring Michael Sheen and David Tennant. And someone seems to have misplaced the Antichrist. Summer of ' Elin Hilderbrand. The 1 New York Times Bestseller Four siblings experience the drama, intrigue, and upheaval of a summer when everything changed, in New York Times bestselling author Elin Hilderbrand's first historical novel Welcome to the most tumultuous summer of the twentieth century.
It's , and for the Levin family, the times they are a-changing. Every year the children have looked forward to spending the summer at their grandmother's historic home in downtown Nantucket. But like so much else in America, nothing is the same: Blair, the oldest sister, is marooned in Boston, pregnant with twins and unable to travel. Middle sister Kirby, caught up in the thrilling vortex of civil rights protests and determined to be independent, takes a summer job on Martha's Vineyard.
Only-son Tiger is an infantry soldier, recently deployed to Vietnam. Thirteen-year-old Jessie suddenly feels like an only child, marooned in the house with her out-of-touch grandmother and her worried mother, each of them hiding a troubling secret. As the summer heats up, Ted Kennedy sinks a car in Chappaquiddick, man flies to the moon, and Jessie and her family experience their own dramatic upheavals along with the rest of the country.
In her first historical novel, rich with the details of an era that shaped both a nation and an island thirty miles out to sea, Elin Hilderbrand once again earns her title as queen of the summer novel. Tommy Lee. From page to screen. John E. Now a Netflix original series Discover the classic, behind-the-scenes chronicle of John E.
In chilling detail, the legendary Mindhunter takes us behind the scenes of some of his most gruesome, fascinating, and challenging cases—and into the darkest recesses of our worst nightmares. During his twenty-five year career with the Investigative Support Unit, Special Agent John Douglas became a legendary figure in law enforcement, pursuing some of the most notorious and sadistic serial killers of our time: the man who hunted prostitutes for sport in the woods of Alaska, the Atlanta child murderer, and Seattle's Green River killer, the case that nearly cost Douglas his life.
As the model for Jack Crawford in The Silence of the Lambs, Douglas has confronted, interviewed, and studied scores of serial killers and assassins, including Charles Manson, Ted Bundy, and Ed Gein, who dressed himself in his victims' peeled skin. Using his uncanny ability to become both predator and prey, Douglas examines each crime scene, reliving both the killer's and the victim's actions in his mind, creating their profiles, describing their habits, and predicting their next moves. Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them. A brand new edition of this essential companion to the Harry Potter stories, with a new foreword from J.
Rowling writing as Newt Scamander , and 6 new beasts! Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them is an indispensable introduction to the magical beasts of the wizarding world. Some of the beasts will be familiar to readers of the Harry Potter books — the Hippogriff, the Basilisk, the Hungarian Horntail Others will surprise even the most ardent amateur Magizoologist. Lumos Foundation is a registered charity in the UK with no. Please note: This is the edition of the Hogwarts Library ebook, featuring bespoke cover artwork from Olly Moss and a new foreword from J.
The official screenplay of the Warner Bros. The Martian: A Novel. Andy Weir. Now, he's sure he'll be the first person to die there. Chances are, though, he won't have time to starve to death. The damaged machinery, unforgiving environment, or plain-old "human error" are much more likely to kill him first. But Mark isn't ready to give up yet.
Drawing on his ingenuity, his engineering skills—and a relentless, dogged refusal to quit—he steadfastly confronts one seemingly insurmountable obstacle after the next. Will his resourcefulness be enough to overcome the impossible odds against him? Babylon's Ashes. The sixth book in the NYT bestselling Expanse series, Babylon's Ashes has the galaxy in full revolution, and it's up to the crew of the Rocinante to make a desperate mission to the gate network and thin hope of victory.
Now a Prime Original series. A revolution brewing for generations has begun in fire.
It will end in blood. The Free Navy - a violent group of Belters in black-market military ships - has crippled the Earth and begun a campaign of piracy and violence among the outer planets. The colony ships heading for the thousand new worlds on the far side of the alien ring gates are easy prey, and no single navy remains strong enough to protect them. James Holden and his crew know the strengths and weaknesses of this new force better than anyone.
Outnumbered and outgunned, the embattled remnants of the old political powers call on the Rocinante for a desperate mission to reach Medina Station at the heart of the gate network. But the new alliances are as flawed as the old, and the struggle for power has only just begun. Babylon's Ashes is a breakneck science fiction adventure following the bestselling Nemesis Games. The Wife: A Novel. Meg Wolitzer. Now a major motion picture starring Glenn Close in her Golden Globe—winning role! Joan, who has spent forty years subjugating her own literary talents to fan the flames of his career, finally decides to stop.
Dumplin': Volume 1. George R. There his family dwells in peace and comfort: his proud wife, Catelyn; his sons Robb, Brandon, and Rickon; his daughters Sansa and Arya; and his bastard son, Jon Snow. Far to the north, behind the towering Wall, lie savage Wildings and worse—unnatural things relegated to myth during the centuries-long summer, but proving all too real and all too deadly in the turning of the season.
Yet a more immediate threat lurks to the south, where Jon Arryn, the Hand of the King, has died under mysterious circumstances. All are heading for Winterfell and a fateful encounter that will change the course of kingdoms. Meanwhile, across the Narrow Sea, Prince Viserys, heir of the fallen House Targaryen, which once ruled all of Westeros, schemes to reclaim the throne with an army of barbarian Dothraki—whose loyalty he will purchase in the only coin left to him: his beautiful yet innocent sister, Daenerys. My Abandonment.
Peter Rock. Once a week they go to the city to buy groceries and otherwise merge with the civilized world. But one small mistake allows a backcountry jogger to discover them, which derails their entire existence, ultimately provoking a deeper flight. Inspired by a true story and told through the startlingly sincere voice of its young narrator, Caroline, My Abandonment is a riveting journey into life at the margins and a mesmerizing tale of survival and hope.
The Fifth Season. At the end of the world, a woman must hide her secret power and find her kidnapped daughter in this "intricate and extraordinary" Hugo Award winning novel of power, oppression, and revolution. The New York Times This is the way the world ends It starts with the great red rift across the heart of the world's sole continent, spewing ash that blots out the sun.
It starts with death, with a murdered son and a missing daughter.
- How to Use the Major French Verb Vouloir?
- « Zoos et cirques : une mauvaise éducation à propos des animaux » par Donaldson et Kymlicka;
- The Necro-Files: $7.50/hr. + Curses.
- Capital Accumulation and Womens Labor in Asian Economies.
- LITTLE LILY GRAYCE IS BORN.
It starts with betrayal, and long dormant wounds rising up to fester. This is the Stillness, a land long familiar with catastrophe, where the power of the earth is wielded as a weapon.
Français | umsexualethics
And where there is no mercy. Read the first book in the critically acclaimed, three-time Hugo award-winning trilogy by NYT bestselling author N. For more from N. The Lying Game: A Novel. Ruth Ware. Until the very last page! Needless to say, I could not put this book down! Dig into this psychological thriller about whether you can really trust your nearest and dearest. On a cool June morning, a woman is walking her dog in the idyllic coastal village of Salten, along a tidal estuary known as the Reach.
Each different in their own way, the four became inseparable and were notorious for playing the Lying Game, telling lies at every turn to both fellow boarders and faculty. The Gifted School: A Novel.
- Rattlesnake Wedding (Rattlesnake Lawyer Book 7).
- No customer reviews!
- December 21, 2012!
- Long Spoon Lane: 24 (Grands détectives) (French Edition).
Bruce Holsinger. The Gifted School is the juiciest novel I've read in ages Set in the fictional town of Crystal, Colorado, The Gifted School is a keenly entertaining novel that observes the drama within a community of friends and parents as good intentions and high ambitions collide in a pile-up with long-held secrets and lies. Seen through the lens of four families who've been a part of one another's lives since their kids were born over a decade ago, the story reveals not only the lengths that some adults are willing to go to get ahead, but the effect on the group's children, sibling relationships, marriages, and careers, as simmering resentments come to a boil and long-buried, explosive secrets surface and detonate.
It's a humorous, keenly observed, timely take on ambitious parents, willful kids, and the pursuit of prestige, no matter the cost. Maureen Callahan. Marks Is Dead Ted Bundy. John Wayne Gacy. Jeffrey Dahmer. The names of notorious serial killers are usually well-known; they echo in the news and in public consciousness. But most people have never heard of Israel Keyes, one of the most ambitious and terrifying serial killers in modern history.
The FBI considered his behavior unprecedented. Described by a prosecutor as "a force of pure evil," Keyes was a predator who struck all over the United States. He buried "kill kits"--cash, weapons, and body-disposal tools--in remote locations across the country. Over the course of fourteen years, Keyes would fly to a city, rent a car, and drive thousands of miles in order to use his kits. He would break into a stranger's house, abduct his victims in broad daylight, and kill and dispose of them in mere hours.
And then he would return home to Alaska, resuming life as a quiet, reliable construction worker devoted to his only daughter. When journalist Maureen Callahan first heard about Israel Keyes in , she was captivated by how a killer of this magnitude could go undetected by law enforcement for over a decade.
And so began a project that consumed her for the next several years--uncovering the true story behind how the FBI ultimately caught Israel Keyes, and trying to understand what it means for a killer like Keyes to exist. A killer who left a path of monstrous, randomly committed crimes in his wake--many of which remain unsolved to this day.
American Predator is the ambitious culmination of years of interviews with key figures in law enforcement and in Keyes's life, and research uncovered from classified FBI files. Callahan takes us on a journey into the chilling, nightmarish mind of a relentless killer, and to the limitations of traditional law enforcement. Tomi Lahren. Stop thinking about who you might offend and start thinking about who you might inspire. The Toll. Cherie Priest.
From Cherie Priest, the author of The Family Plot and Maplecroft, comes The Toll, a tense, dark, and scary treat for modern fans of the traditionally strange and macabre. In the third gritty installment of the Raven's Mark series, Blackwing Captain Ryhalt Galharrow finds that all power comes with a price A sorcerous cataclysm has hit the Range, the final defensive line between the republic and the immortal Deep Kings.
Tormenting red rains sweep the land, new monstrosities feed on fear in the darkness, and the power of the Nameless, the gods who protect the republic, lies broken. The Blackwing captains who serve them are being picked off one by one, and even immortals have learned what it means to die. Meanwhile, the Deep Kings have only grown stronger, and they are poised to deliver a blow that will finally end the war. Ryhalt Galharrow stands apart from it all. He has been deeper into the wasteland known as the Misery than ever before.
It has grown within him--changed him--and now the ghosts of his past, formerly confined to the Misery, walk with him everywhere. They will even follow him--and the few surviving Blackwing captains--on one final mission into the darkness. Girls Like Us. Cristina Alger. From the celebrated and bestselling author of The Banker's Wife, worlds collide when an FBI agent investigates a string of grisly murders on Long Island that raises the impossible question: What happens when the primary suspect is your father?
Nell and her father, Homicide Detective Martin Flynn, have never had much of a relationship. And Suffolk County will always be awash in memories of her mother, Marisol, who was brutally murdered when Nell was just seven. When Martin Flynn dies in a motorcycle accident, Nell returns to the house she grew up in so that she can spread her father's ashes and close his estate.
At the behest of her father's partner, Detective Lee Davis, Nell becomes involved in an investigation into the murders of two young women in Suffolk County. The further Nell digs, the more likely it seems to her that her father should be the prime suspect--and that his friends on the police force are covering his tracks.
Plagued by doubts about her mother's murder--and her own role in exonerating her father in that case--Nell can't help but ask questions about who killed Ria Ruiz and Adriana Marques and why. But she may not like the answers she finds--not just about those she loves, but about herself. Camilla d'Errico. An easy-to-follow, step-by-step manga drawing instruction book from fan favorite manga artist and painter Camilla d'Errico, featuring 30 lessons on illustrating cute, cool, and quirky characters in the Pop Surrealist style with pencils.
With wildly popular appearances at Comic Cons and her paintings displayed in art galleries around the world, Camilla d'Errico has established herself as a go-to resource for manga-influenced art. Following in the footsteps of her past art instruction books Pop Manga and Pop Painting, Pop Manga Drawing provides the most direct and accessible lessons yet for rendering characters in her signature Pop Surrealist style.
Written in the fun and encouraging voice that fans have come to expect, Pop Manga Drawing takes you step-by-step through lessons on drawing with graphite and mechanical pencils, along with insights on enhancing pieces with other mediums including acrylics, markers, and colored pencils.
It also provides tips and expert advice on drawing specific elements, including hair, eyes, and animals, that can take your manga art to the next level. Pop Manga Drawing grants one-of-a-kind access to the basic building blocks of artistic expression, giving you the tools you need to create your own pop manga masterpieces. Sarah Edelman. From the bestselling author of Change Your Thinking comes No Worries - the clear, compassionate and practical guide to understanding and managing anxiety and worry.
Alpha and Omega. Harry Turtledove. What would happen if the ancient prophecy of the End of Days came true? It is certainly the last thing Eric Katz, a secular archaeologist from Los Angeles, expects during what should be a routine dig in Jerusalem. But perhaps higher forces have something else in mind when a sign presaging the rising of the Third Temple is located in America, a dirty bomb is detonated in downtown Tel Aviv, and events conspire to place a team of archaeologists in the tunnels deep under the Temple Mount.
It is there that Eric is witness to a discovery of such monumental proportions that nothing will ever be the same again. Harry Turtledove is the master at portraying ordinary people caught up in extraordinary events, and what is more extraordinary than the incontrovertible proof that there truly is a higher force controlling human destiny? But as to what that force desires. Mollie Hemingway. But the following year, when Trump drew from the same list of candidates for his nomination of Brett Kavanaugh, the justice being replaced was the swing vote on abortion, and all hell broke loose.
The judicial confirmation process, on the point of breakdown for thirty years, now proved utterly dysfunctional. With the stakes of each vacancy incalculably high, the incentive to destroy a nominee is nearly irresistible. But it can happen, it does happen, and it just happened. The question is whether America will let it happen again.
Pre-order now, enjoy later. Killer Instinct. The murder of an Ivy League professor pulls Dr. Dylan Reinhart out of his ivory tower and onto the streets of New York, where he reunites with his old partner, Detective Elizabeth Needham. Is his secret past about to be brought to light? As the terrorist attack unfolds, Elizabeth Needham does something courageous that thrusts her into the media spotlight. She's a reluctant hero. And thanks to the attention, she also becomes a prime target for the ruthless murderer behind the attack.
Dylan literally wrote the book on the psychology of murder, and he and Elizabeth have solved cases that have baffled conventional detectives. But the sociopath they're facing this time is the opposite of a textbook case. There's no time to study for the test he's about to give them. And if they fail, they die. Child's Play: A totally unputdownable serial killer thriller. A game that I have chosen.
I give one last push of the roundabout and stand back. In the highly anticipated finale to the New York Times bestselling trilogy, dictators, prophets, and tensions rise. Citra and Rowan have disappeared. Endura is gone. It seems like nothing stands between Scythe Goddard and absolute dominion over the world scythedom. With the silence of the Thunderhead and the reverberations of the Great Resonance still shaking the earth to its core, the question remains: Is there anyone left who can stop him?
The answer lies in the Tone, the Toll, and the Thunder. He broke the chains Then he broke the world…. Cast out of the very Republic he founded, with half his fleet destroyed, he wages a rogue war on Mercury. Outnumbered and outgunned, is he still the hero who broke the chains? Or will he become the very evil he fought to destroy? In his darkening shadow, a new hero rises. Lysander au Lune, the displaced heir to the old empire, has returned to bridge the divide between the Golds of the Rim and Core.
If united, their combined might may prove fatal to the fledgling Republic. But one may cost her the other, and her son is not yet returned. Far across the void, Lyria, a Red refugee accused of treason, makes a desperate bid for freedom with the help of two unlikely new allies. The sixth Lisbeth Salander story--the crime-fiction phenomenon that has sold more than 90 million copies worldwide.
Lisbeth Salander--the fierce, unstoppable girl with the dragon tattoo--has disappeared. She's sold her apartment in Stockholm. She's gone silent electronically. She's told no one where she is. And no one is aware that at long last she's got her primal enemy, her twin sister, Camilla, squarely in her sights. Mikael Blomkvist is trying to reach Lisbeth. He needs her help unraveling the identity of a man who lived and died on the streets in Stockholm--a man who does not exist in any official records and whose garbled last words hinted at possible damaging knowledge of people in the highest echelons of government and industry.
In his pocket was a crumpled piece of paper with Blomkvist's phone number on it. Once again, Salander and Blomkvist will come to each other's aid, moving in tandem toward the truths they each seek. In the end, it will be Blomkvist--in a moment of unimaginable self-sacrifice--who will make it possible for Lisbeth to face the most important battle of her life, and, finally, to put her past to rest. Increasingly hounded by the question, how would you feel A Little Hatred. Joe Abercrombie. From New York Times bestselling author Joe Abercrombie comes the first book in a new blockbuster fantasy trilogy where the age of the machine dawns, but the age of magic refuses to die.
The chimneys of industry rise over Adua and the world seethes with new opportunities. But old scores run deep as ever. On the blood-soaked borders of Angland, Leo dan Brock struggles to win fame on the battlefield, and defeat the marauding armies of Stour Nightfall. He hopes for help from the crown. But King Jezal's son, the feckless Prince Orso, is a man who specializes in disappointments. Savine dan Glokta - socialite, investor, and daughter of the most feared man in the Union - plans to claw her way to the top of the slag-heap of society by any means necessary.
But the slums boil over with a rage that all the money in the world cannot control. The age of the machine dawns, but the age of magic refuses to die. With the help of the mad hillwoman Isern-i-Phail, Rikke struggles to control the blessing, or the curse, of the Long Eye. Elles chantent, rient et tournent autour de lui et la musique de Wagner nous conte un enchantement.
Qui agit quand il y a un mouvement de foule? Est-ce tous ou seulement un, ou quelques-uns? A partir de individus? Aussi G. Le Bon dans son fameux ouvrage sur les foules. Le Bon. Freud et G. Dans Psychologie des Foules , G. Le Bon, elle est variable et brutale, les individus y sont sous influence. Le Bon dans Psychologie des Foules. Pourtant G. Zola dans Germinal met en relief comment la foule agrandit les individus en leur insufflant la foi. Ainsi G. Mais revenons sur Terre! Les foules suivront-elles toujours les tyrans? En effet, H.
The heightening of Black racial identity and pride coincided with an appreciation of the economic value of audience segmentation. And the attempt was successful, both artistically and commercially. A genuine music fan, Gordy made his first steps into the music world with a record shop. However, he was so obsessed with jazz that he refused to stock the blues records his clientele asked for and went bankrupt. He then turned successfully to music writing. Gordy developed from his stint at Ford and perhaps under the influence of his father, a self-made entrepreneur both a desire to facilitate the upward mobility of Blacks and a sense of industrial organization.
In , Maxine Powell, who owned a finishing school, was hired to polish his artists, teach them how to walk, talk, and dress. Similarly, Maurice King, a veteran of the jazz club scene, introduced them to the subtlety of stage patter. Besides, Gordy did extend his influence to the music. Like Jerry Wexler, he aimed at presenting a music that could reach and please white, middle America by removing the too direct evocations of the funky world of rhythm and blues.
Hence his rejection of material that sounded too bluesy and a preference for the call-and-response pattern of gospel, to which he added the insistent rhythm of tambourines and drums, the punctuation of horns, orchestral string sections, and the slick, suave voices of his all-girls bands. The family-like organization at Motown was reminiscent of the paternalism of Henry Ford in the early years of the century.
Gordy also controlled the shows on which his artists appeared, making sure they were all the slick, glossy ones that reached white America the Ed Sullivan Show, the Dean Martin Show, Las Vegas hotels, etc. Under his tutelage, Motown became a model of black capitalism.
They stand as emblematic brokers of a culture they tried to sell to middle America, go-betweens between the realm of money and that of art, moneymakers with a message, and a purpose. With their more rock-oriented peers, it is harder to find the same combination of business savvy and artistic acumen.
One key move was the inclusion of audio-cassettes in the fanzine he published, Subterranean Pop , which led to radio interviews, a growing fan base, and the setting up of Sub Pop Records. However, once again, such moves were hardly more than standard, efficient business practices, and it would be stretching too far to credit Pavitt for having had a truly creative impact. Death Row, founded in by the controversial Suge Knight and Dr.
Dre, is considered as the breeding ground of gangsta rap, the West Coast style that developed in the early s with artists like Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, or Tupac Shakur. In order to achieve such a level of success, Knight gave complete artistic freedom to his artists, while Dr. Dre was more involved with the production aspects of the business. Freedom included in this case involvement with the underworld. Knight himself ended up embroiled in several, sometimes serious, cases.
On the contrary, Knight urged them to rely on their experience as drug dealers or gang members, to the extent that violence became a key component of gangsta rap, and that the whole genre developed in part around the fascination Suge Knight generated. Simmons had already played an active role in shaping East-Coast rap. Rakim, The Beastie Boys. The pair came up with groundbreaking ideas, which, as with rhythm and blues before, turned rap into a mainstream sound. They also introduced brevity and song-structure into hip-hop, making it easier to be played on the radio.
Diddy, is another extremely influential rap businessman, the second fortune in rap, just before Simmons. The first hip-hop fortune belongs to Def Jam President and CEO, Jay-Z, the founder of the Roc-A-Fella empire record, film, and clothes companies, clubs, various brands of drinks, sports teams, real estate corporations, etc. Once again, Jay-Z is a complex figure, involved both in the business world as an extraordinarily successful entrepreneur, and in the music world as an artist, while providing through his record companies outlets for other African-American artists to perform and make a name for themselves.
At a level rarely reached before, these successful though often controversial businessmen cum artistic brokers though infrequently involved with producing new sounds or shaping new styles, provided black youth with the possibility to make music that reached both the white and the black communities, both the specialists and the mainstream. This at least is sufficient to include them in our roster.
If indeed we chose to examine other facets of the music business, and turned to media people or concert promoters, the most successful people we would find would have little or no specific connection with the black community, neither through their own ethnic origins nor through their involvement.
It is probably one of the reasons why the business and the authorities cracked down on him so harshly when the payola bribery scandal hit rock and roll while other radio or television DJs like Dick Clark of American Bandstand fame escaped unscathed. However, none of the most famous and influential media personalities from Dick Clark to Jann Wenner, the founder of Rolling Stone , were particularly close to the black community.
Neither did they exert an influence on music comparable to that of the black businessmen we have mentioned. The key to understanding this specificity may be given by rap music. Through double entendre and signifying practices, rappers have repeatedly signaled that the numerous allusions to hoes, pimps, and prostitution were more than allusions to hoes, pimps, and prostitution. Rappers earn a living by selling their words, in the same way as pimps sells their girls. Their clients are the record buyers and concert goers; these pay to hear the artists, who sell themselves and their words.
Such emphasis on money can be read, and his often explicitly described by rappers themselves, as the ultimate way to fit in. A successful rap businessman is the embodiment of mainstream America. By adopting the core values of white America, rappers emphasize that there is only one history left, the American one.
In the process, they gave this community pride, cultural clout, and enhanced economic power. It is not surprising that it is the entrepreneurs closest to the music, the record makers, rather than the concert promoters or media personalities, who had the strongest creative and artistic impact. For we are dealing here with people who belong to the margin of mainstream society, those whose entanglement with the artists is at its closest. As Michael S. Those marginalized by existing social arrangements have a different angle of vision on the culture, and need alternative avenues for cultural expression.
For many of these marginalized individuals, music was another venue of social and cultural mobility. Perhaps, as Kimmel suggests, in countries with a strong, well-defined social class system like Britain, it is the self-conscious working-class which, being the underdog, will strive for recognition through the few outlets left for them, sports or the popular arts. So, if not rebels, these businessmen nevertheless represent a progressive force, changing the social order, opening new vistas.
Because the music industry allows and enables members of these different ethnic minorities to reach positions of power, they exert a musical influence of a nature that mainstream professionals rarely provide. More than money, it is visibility they strive for.
Music is not a mere aesthetic pursuit, but a quest for identity, be it vicariously. Hence the influence they exert on musical choices, their desire to soften certain sounds to enable them to reach the mainstream, to groom their artists, or, on the contrary, at other periods, to boost the ferociousness, the unsavory appeal of their performers if such are the expectations of the crowds.